It’s official: Magneto is a good citizen. This New Yorker strolls the streets calmly, unfazed by the sights and sounds of the busy city. Horn honks, sidewalk trash, subway smells, touchy passersby—Magneto takes it all in stride. Magneto is a good dog. And his owner has the papers to prove it.
The American Kennel Club (AKC) officially recognizes dogs that demonstrate good citizenship. The official title for these city-wise pups is Urban Canine Good Citizen. The Urban CGC is one of four titles the AKC gives for doggie citizenship.
Dogs must have a registered AKC number and pass the basic Canine Good Citizen test before being allowed to take the urban version of the exam.
The basic test has been around for about 25 years. More than 700,000 dogs have passed. The urban version requires a bit more self-restraint on the part of the pooch.
AKC officials administer the Urban CGC test in tough city settings. Streets, cars, noises, elevators, outdoor cafes, and other distractions are all part of the real-world exam.
Dogs perform a 10-step test of skills. For example, they must wait patiently for “walk” lights at pedestrian crossings, clamber in and out of cars or taxis, and ignore tempting street food. Two of the most difficult parts of the test involve a dog’s tolerating hugs and strokes from strangers and remaining still while its owner browses in a dog-friendly shop.
Some people think the test of doggie etiquette is barking up the wrong tree. “It’s more that the owners could step up their game,” observed one New Yorker.
Why do owners put their dogs through these urban paces? For one thing, it’s a way to “consider others,” as in Philippians 2:3. But additionally, from a practical point of view, some people believe good dog behavior will pay off. Some homeowners’ insurers have agreed to cover certain breeds with the basic canine good citizen title according to the AKC. Further, some think the Urban CGC title might help get a beloved pet into the best co-ops and condos.
What does the pooch get for its efforts? The AKC awards each dog that successfully passes the citizenship test the suffix “CGC” after its name—that and a doggie treat.
Some canines will do anything to stay out of the doghouse.
That's fine. :)
Why wouldn't you want to start a shelter or sanctuary? If we all work together, we COULD make it happen!
Maybe, since both of us know a lot about dogs, we should just start out with a small dog rescue or shelter. Then, later on, we could add cats, then birds, then rodents, and so on.
I don't know...
I would LOVE to work at an animal shelter, I just wouldn't want to have to run it for the rest of my life! I would be happy to work with you. :)
Did you mean that you wouldn't want to run it alone? Or did you mean that you don't want to run it, even if other people are helping you?
Do you live in the U.S? If so, in which state? I live in Indiana.
By the way, if any other teens would like to start an animal shelter or sanctuary, please let me know! If I do start one when I grow up, I'll need all the help I can get! :)
It's also great to know that there are other people out there (besides me) that want to help animals! :)
That sounds like a good idea, to start out small, and then as we get more experience we could add larger/more animals to it. And yes, the more the merrier, there are so many animals around our country that need help and loving homes, it would be great if there are more people that want to get involved in helping animals. :-)
No, I'm not sure why the dog bit my neighbor. My only thought as to why is maybe the dog wanted attention from its owners because there were like 3 other dogs in the house as well as 2 cats. Yes, horseback riding lessons are very expensive. I hadn't thought about asking a stable if I could do some volunteer work there, but, I might ask some of my friends that own horses. I looked at the Best Friends website yesterday, and I fell in love with a horse named Felix, he looks like such a sweetie. Tori and her siblings are sooooooooo cuuutttteee!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! I love those sweet little faces. I would love to hear more about your plans for a shelter/sanctuary.
When we were at Best Friends, I don't think I saw Felix. The horse I got to brush was called Roy. Other equines I saw were Curly Sue, Legs, Daisy, Uno, Slurpee, Cowboy, Sugar Baby, Red, Laura, Marshal, Chuck, Jewel, Speedy, River, and Rocky.
Okay, here it goes. :)
Well, all shelters need have a board of directors, and each person on the board must have something useful like special skills, special experience, etc. I would bring dog experience and caretaking. You probably would too, since you know lots about dogs.
I came across this set of questions from Best Friends website that would be useful to answer if we were to start a shelter. They are listed below:
o What species of animals are you planning to shelter – dogs, cats, horses, birds, or other?
o How many animals are you planning to shelter?
o Where will you house these animals?
o Who will help you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week?
o What will it cost you to rescue these animals – i.e., time and money?
A good document to check out is on Best Friends' website. Type in "How to Start a sanctuary" in the search box, and click the first search result. There should be a picture of a cockatoo along with it. I am currently reading through it, and there is a lot more to starting a sanctuary than you think!
Sorry..I have to go! I'll be back later!
Okay. I'm back!
I'll answer the questions from Best Friends' website. Please tell me what you think and if you have any answers to the questions.
Answer to 1st question: maybe start with dogs. Then, later on, add cats, birds, rodents, equines, and barnyard animals.
Answer to 2nd question: when we first start out, our limits could be 5-8 puppies, 2-5 dogs, or something like that. Then, as we expanded, we could save more dogs and puppies.
Answer to 3rd question: I was thinking of having the Board of Directors foster the dogs and puppies until they get adopted. Then, once we buy a facility, we can move the dogs and puppies there. In an emergency situation when a perfectly healthy dog at a different shelter is going to be euthanized (but we have the supplies--but no space--to take it in) we could get our parents to foster a dog that is already in rescue so we can save the dog that will be killed.
Answer to 4th question: the Board of Directors will help each other. Our parents and other friends can also help.
Answer to 5th question: I currently do not know what the costs would be.
Sorry if this is confusing!
Yes, I live in the USA. (in Missouri) I mean that I would like to be a volunteer, not a full-time caretaker of an animal shelter. :) Anyway...
Yes, Tori and her sibling are super cute! Bailey and Romeo went to the same home. :)
Names that I've come up with for shelters and sanctuaries are New Hope, Project Rescue, Rescuing Paws, and Purrs and Paws. If you have any name suggestions, please let me know!
Before the dogs and puppies would begin their search for loving, forever homes, they would be spayed or neutered (having a dog spayed or neutered makes it so they can't reproduce), vaccinated, microchipped, and fully vetted. Dogs and puppies 6+ weeks of age would also take Sentinel Spectrum chews; Sentinel Spectrum chews take care of heartworms, fleas, tapeworms, whipworms, roundworms, and hookworms; the chews are given to the dog or puppy once a month. Dogs and puppies 6+ months of age would also be heartworm tested.
Possible adoption fees would be $200 for puppies 0-8 months, $175 for dogs 8 months-2 years, $150 for dogs 3-6 years, and $125 for dogs 7+ years. Adoption fees would help to cover the costs of spay and neuter surgeries, vaccinations, microchips, vet bills, heartworm tests, and the Sentinel Spectrum chews.
If somebody was interested in adopting a dog or puppy, the first step would be to fill out an application. After the applications has been reviewed, we would be able to determine if it would be a good home for an adoptee. If so, the adoption progress would continue and the person could meet potential adoptees. If he had found a dog or puppy that he likes, we would do a simple home-check to ensure that it is a good home. If the person clears the home-check, then he would take the dog or puppy to his house for a 3-day trial period do see if the dog or puppy fits into his lifestyle. If so, the person must pay an adoption fee and sign adoption papers. If at anytime the person does not want his adopted friend or can no longer care for it, the dog or puppy must come back to the shelter or sanctuary. There would be no refund.
The adoption progress is a bit complicated, but all would be necessary. Why? Well, we wouldn't want a dog or puppy to go to a home where he wouldn't be happy and healthy! Please let me know if you have any suggestions!
My family just took a 2-week road trip out west this spring. Our first stop was the Gateway Arch!
Would you support a no-kill, non-profit animal shelter?
That's cool about your road-trip! :) About the animal shelter... I don't know. I LOVE to be around animals, but I'm not that much into animal shelters. (I mean, they're great, and I'd love to volunteer at one, I just don't think I'd want to make one my job. Sorry that I'm so confusing! I don't know how to put my feelings into words, I guess!) :) (do I use smiley faces and parentheses too much?)
I think I've figured myself out! ;) I LOVE animals, but I'd rather give money to non-profit organizations that help people. (who have souls!) So, hopefully you understand my feelings in regard to animal shelters now! :D
I know that people are more important, but God has given me a heart to help the animals. I hope you understand. :)
And it's fine that you use parentheses and smiley faces!
Well, I have a friend (I guess that you could call her that) that loves animals and kids. Maybe, somehow, we could incorporate an orphanage with an animal shelter. That way, we're saving animals and humans! (I don't think such a thing--saving animals and people--has ever been done!)
However, it would be quite complicated and I don't know if it would work out. Besides, I don't know that much about starting orphanages.....
Sorry that I've been commenting so much, but I have something else to share. I came across this scripture in a magazine, and then sought it out in the Bible.
“A good man takes care of his animals. But even the kindest acts of the wicked are cruel.”
This is my backup. If God wanted us to take care of animals, He would have made sure to say so--and He did!
I totally understand! And I still think animal shelters are great, even if I don't want to support one! :)
I like your ideas for the sanctuary. One thing I would add, if the person clears the home-check, then they would need to fill out some paperwork before doing a 3-day trial with the animal, that way we know who has the animal, where that person lives, etc. I will check out the set of questions you found on the Best Friends website, as well as do more research on starting an animal shelter. 1st question: I think that starting out with dogs, then cats, then equines and barnyard animals. I'm not too sure how I feel about birds and rodents. 2nd question: I think that until we had an actual facility, we could do a certain amount of dogs or cats, and as we grow, then add more and more animals. I'll get back to you on the 3rd question. 4th question: I think that it would be a good idea to look for people who might be interested in volunteering. 5th question: I'm also at a loss as to how much it costs to run an animal shelter/sanctuary. I love the names you have come up with, I particularly like Purrs and Pass, and New Hope. :-)
Curly Sue and Daisy were 2 other horses that I liked at Best Friends. Curly Sue has a coat like I have never seen before, but it was absolutely beautiful and sooo curly. :-)
We would have the information about the person (from the adoption application) of where he/she lives before he/she takes that animal to their house for a 3-day trial period. If the trial period does not work out, we will talk to the person and discuss why the adoption wouldn't work out and what the animal was behaving like in a home.
Maybe, later on, we could save some rabbits, then maybe other rodents. Smaller birds may be a possibility--but I'm quite fond of them. My grandmother has two cockatiels, and I enjoy taking care of them.
Daisy and Red are my favorite horses at BFAS. I was thinking that when I grow up, I would adopt her, Legs, Uno, and Red. But to adopt one of Best Friends equines, you have to have Parelli Horsemanship skills.
My grandparents and a few friends founded a Christian school in the New England area and called it New Hope. That is one place where I got the name.
I came up with Purrs and Paws.
If we were to start out with rescuing dogs and puppies, would we accept owner surrenders, strays, or go to overcrowded and high-kill shelters? I personally think that we should go to the high-kill and overcrowded shelters and animal control facilities. If we saved dogs from the high-kill shelters and animal control facilities, we would be saving more lives. But at overcrowded shelters, dogs and puppies are in need of being saved as well!
What types of dogs and puppies would we save? (My answer will be in parentheses; I would greatly appreciate your answers too!.) Would we save:
1. Newborn, orphaned puppies requiring around-the-clock care (it depends; if we have the time and supplies to give newborn pups around-the-clock care, we should definitely save them)
2. Orphaned puppies under 8wks (yes)
3. Orphaned puppies over 8wks (yes)
4. Sick or injured puppies (yes)
5. Pregnant mother dogs (yes)
6. Mother dogs with puppies (yes)
7. Healthy young, adult, and senior dogs (yes)
8. Sick or injured young, adult, and senior dogs (yes)
9. Fear-biters (I personally would not like to accept fear-biters; however, with time, dedication, and training, we could find out their fears and they may stop biting)
10. Aggressive dogs (most likely no; however, we could hire a professional trainer to train such dogs)
11. Shy and under socialized dogs (yes; shy and under socialized dogs are some of the most overlooked dogs in shelters; with time and training, we can help them to come out of their shyness)
12. Dogs with severe medical conditions (yes)
13. Dogs with ongoing medical treatment (yes)
14. Blind and deaf dogs (yes)
15. Dogs with less than 4 limbs or dogs that have a broken leg or legs (yes)
16. Dogs that have seizures (possibly)
If anything is missing, please let me know. Of course, it would depend on the situation if we would be able to save the types of dogs and puppies as listed above.
Even though our shelter or sanctuary would be no-kill, some animals still may have to get euthanized. For instance, if an animal is in serious pain but we have tried everything and there is no cure, it would be humane to have that animal euthanized. Do you agree?
What I have found out with researching about shelters is that there is a LOT of legal stuff that goes with it. It includes getting a tax-exempt status from the state, as well as a tax-exempt status from the IRS (Internal Revenue Service). To get a tax-exempt status from the IRS, you have to fill out an application and pay a fee. I think there is more to it than doing that--actually, I'm sure of it--but I am not sure what else has to be done at the moment.
We may also need a kennel license.
This is what Best Friends says about the legal issues. It is from the "How to Start an Animal Sanctuary" article from their website. Here it is:
Legalities may appear to have nothing to do with your desire to rescue animals. However, it’s an important part of what you hope to accomplish. If you don’t ensure that the legal side of operating a sanctuary is done correctly, you could jeopardize your whole operation.
Tax exempt, nonprofit, 501(c)(3) status is acquired by filing the necessary forms with the IRS. You have to incorporate as a nonprofit in your own state before you can apply for 501(c)(3) status. It is helpful, but not essential, to have a professional (an attorney or accountant) do the paperwork. See the resource section for information on starting a nonprofit corporation.
There are many advantages to having nonprofit status:
1. Donors of goods, services, or money can claim their gift as an offset against their taxes, which may well increase how much they give.
2. Having nonprofit status lends credibility to your organization.
3. It ensures proper separation between the charity and personal finances.
Once you have completed the necessary paperwork, the nonprofit status may take around three months to obtain. You will be issued a three-year provisional tax-exempt status subject to fulfilling IRS requirements and submitting a Form 990 annually with the government. Form 990 details the money taken in and the money spent on behalf of the charity.
It is important to keep good financial records because without them, your nonprofit status could be revoked by the IRS. After three years, when the IRS is satisfied that you are running a legitimate nonprofit, you will be granted a permanent 501(c)(3) status.
We covered this area in an earlier section relating to the acquisition of property. But it bears repeating: Make sure that the place where you set up your sanctuary is zoned for this work. The welfare of the animals in your care may be at stake; you don’t want to be required to move your whole operation because of a zoning issue.
We recommend that you carry liability insurance. Insurance can give you peace of mind around visitors and volunteers should someone fall or get bitten by an animal. All states require you to have your staff covered by worker’s compensation insurance. Depending on your operation, there are also other types of insurance that you might need.
For more details about buying insurance, see the Best Friends publication called Insurance: Covering Your Tail. You can download it from the Resources section of our website.
Attorney and/or accountant:
It is wise to find an attorney and/or an accountant with nonprofit knowledge and sympathy for your cause. Though legal fees can be expensive, good professional advice is key to running your sanctuary correctly in the eyes of the law.
Release forms :
There are several areas where some kind of release form is appropriate. A release form lays out potential problems, or specific requirements, making a person aware of issues or requirements involved in adopting an animal, working with animals, or having an animal undergo a surgical procedure (like a spay or neuter). For example, in your adoption contract you can cover the limits of your responsibility for the health and behavior of an adopted animal. When you receive an animal, have the owner sign a release form stating that the animal is now the property of your organization.
You may wish to have any volunteers who are working with the animals sign a waiver, indicating that they know that working with animals can be unpredictable. In our spay/neuter program, we include a release clause for surgery in our admittance form. If you plan to board animals at your facility, then a release form would be advisable for that, too. You might want to talk to an attorney about which release forms or waivers would be appropriate for your sanctuary.
Some municipalities require a kennel license, so find out ahead of time if this requirement affects you. Licenses are hard to get in some areas. For example, one municipality I know insists that all the neighbors in the immediate area have to agree to your housing animals before a license will be granted.
Wildlife and birds:
There are many regulations covering the housing and rehabilitation of wildlife and wild birds. If you want to be involved in this area, contact a local wildlife rehabilitator and find out what state and federal regulations govern this work.
I'm sorry that my last comment was REALLY long!
When an animal arrives at our shelter or sanctuary, would we have a quarantine period? I think we absolutely should. During the quarantine period, we will have the opportunity to see if the animal has any diseases. If the animal suddenly falls ill during quarantine, immediate veterinary care should be sought out.
I think that the quarantine period should be at least 2 weeks long. What are your thoughts on this subject?
Sorry about all my comments, but sometimes I think of stuff randomly. I hope you'll understand. :)
Would we post our adoptable animals' information on different pet adoption websites, such as petfinder.com or adoptapet.com? I think we should because more people would see what wonderful animals that we have available for adoption.
Gabrielle P--Collar System
At Best Friends Dogtown, there is a colored-collar system. Dogs wearing red collars can only be handled by staff. Dogs wearing purple collars can only be handled by staff and people 18 and older. Dogs wearing green collars can be handled by anybody.
I was thinking--once we had obtained a shelter building--that we could have a similar collar system. Below are the colors of colors that the dogs and puppies would be wearing. I have also included what the different colored-collars would mean.
Puppy Area-Blue and Pink collars; these collars have no age-limits and signify if a puppy is male or female; blue for male, pink for female
Dog Area-Green collars- this dog can be handled by everybody; he gets along well with kids of all ages and tolerates being petted and/or touched all over his body
Dog Area-Blue collars- this dog can be handled by children 10-12 and up; these dogs may be large and have the tendency to jump up, play-mouth, or get irritable when somebody touches a certain part of their body
Dog Area-Pink collars- this dog is special needs and there is no age-limit for most of them (if there is an age-limit, it will be noted so on the dog's information sheet); pink does not signify gender, therefore male special-needs dogs can wear them
Dog Area-Purple collars- this dog can be handled by people 18 and up; these dogs have certain issues that deem them “inappropriate” for younger children to be around; this dog may be people-specific (doesn't get along well with all people), may play-nip, play-bite, etc.
Dog Area-Red collars- this dog can be handled by staff only; this may mean that the dog or puppy is new to the shelter, is in quarantine, or has an issue.
If we decide to save horses later on, we could take the rejects from breeding operations and accept owner surrenders.
As sad as it is, I do think that in some instances-even for a no-kill shelter-that euthanization is necessary. I don't think that it would be fair to a potential adopter. If we were not to euthanize, then I think that it would be a good idea to remove that particular animal from the adoption/foster list and take care of the animal ourselves. I think that we should add dogs that have been in abusive situations to the list. I'm really liking the name Purrs and Paws. :-) No problem about the long comment, that is a lot of good information to know and to remember, and it's important to think of the safety of visitors, volunteers, employees, etc. And also how to start out an animal shelter/sanctuary. Yes, a quarantine period is important. We want to ensure the safety of all the other animals and the new arrivals too. Yes, I think that we should post pets that are available for adoption on websites like petfinder or adoptapet, but we should definitely have our own website. I actually found my puppy on Craigslist, so that might be an option too. I like the collar system, that's a good way to keep people from getting themselves hurt, or upsetting any of the animals.
I loved Legs and Uno too. Actually, I just loved all the horses that I saw on the Best Friends website :-). It made me sad though that many of them couldn't be ridden any more, due to psychological problems, old age, or lameness. I saw a Palamino on there I loved, I can't remember her name though; I want to say her name was Sugar Baby, but I'm not positive about that, she couldn't be ridden anymore, but if I could have her, I would take her in a heartbeat. OH, and the 3rd question that was on there, I think that if we had a large piece of land, where we could build a facility for the cats and dogs, and then the surrounding land could have a barn and pasture for horses, donkeys, and other barnyard animals.
Well, before an animal would be available for adoption, he or she would have already had all the vet care needed and be healthy for adoption. I would never try to adopt out a sick or injured animal or an animal that is aggressive in any way.
Just think about this: wouldn't it be considered cruelty to keep an animal living if it is in pain and there is no cure?
I agree about adding abused animals to the list. However, would we still accept the animal if he or she is unpredictable and bites? (Yikes!)
About the 3rd question. I was thinking that--when we first started out--we could foster the dogs and puppies at the Board of Directors' homes. Then, once we have the money and supplies, we could move to a facility or build our own facility to house dogs and puppies.
Maybe our name could be Purrs and Paws to start out with. And as we expand, that could be the name for the dog, cat, and house-pet area.
About posting adoptable animals on Craigslist . Well, I'm not a fan of that. People who don't want their dogs can post them on that site, and backyard breeders may do that as well. All in all, we shouldn't post our adoptable pets on a website where people are trying to "sell" stuff. We don't want our animals viewed as products. Do you agree?
I definitely agree that we should have our own website! Posting our pets on other websites would just allow people to see our adoptable pets without actually visiting our website.
Yes, I'm sure the horse that you love is Sugar Baby. She is the only palomino mare that is available for adoption at Best Friends. Below is a picture of Sugar Baby.
So, when we decided to purchase land and build a dog and puppy facility, how many buildings would their be? At Best Friends, they have a dog admissions building, octagons with spacious indoor/outdoor runs for the dogs, a puppy admissions building, and a puppy preschool.
I was thinking that we should have dog and puppy admissions. They could be in the same building (separated!) or they could have their own individual buildings. I was also thinking that we could have spacious runs for the dogs and a puppy preschool for the puppies.
What do you think?
If we decided to purchase a facility, we could make accommodations.
I want this shelter or sanctuary to be something different, someplace where the animals don't have to be cooped up in cages all day. I want it to be an animal paradise, kind of like Best Friends.
I was considering working at Best Friends, but the more I think about it, I want to open my own shelter or sanctuary. The more shelter and sanctuaries there are, the more lives will be saved!
I agree, I think that wide-open spaces would be better for the dogs. I personally, do not like to see dogs cooped up in cages all day, even if it is at an animal shelter. I think that having a building for puppies/young adult dogs and then a retirees building for the senior dogs would be a good idea. And yes, I think that a paradise for animals where they can run, play, and get the exercise they need, would be the best thing for them, especially if they are coming from an abuse case. BTW, I remember my Jack Russell having to take the Sentinel Spectrum chews, she doesn't anymore. Okay, I didn't think about the fact that people are selling on Craigslist, that's a good point, I agree with you on that. I'm not sure how we would work out the unpredictable dogs and biters, I'll have to think about that. Do you know what Parelli is? I'm not exactly sure.
Has Indiana gotten any snow yet? We don't get much snow here in Arizona, unless you live in the northern part. :-) I love the snow. So, how many animals would you like to have of your own?
Yes, we have gotten some snow. It's mostly melted away by now.
I would like to go to a Best Friends Pet Super Adoption event and adopt a dog or puppy. I want to have lots of dogs--maybe a cat or a horse--but I don't know how many right now.
Parelli is a horsemanship program that doesn't use force to teach horses.
Okay. Thanks so much, I'll have to look into Parelli, that sounds like something that I would like to try. Wow, a Super Adoption. That sounds like it would be a lot of fun to go to, it's even better that some of the animals will go to forever homes. :-) Have a Happy Thanksgiving!!
Happy Thanksgiving to you too!
What are your thoughts on puppy mills? Do you know what a puppy mill is?
If so, do you despise them? I certainly do!
My family has a yellow
My family has a yellow labrador retriever, Nala. I think my dog would do pretty well at the city testing. Although she would eat everything she can find, and she loves to be petted by anybody, especially if you have food! But she is good at waiting at roads and cross walks and heeling.
By the way, Gabrielle and
By the way, Gabrielle and Rebekah, your conversation is very interesting. I would totally love working with animals. (We got our cat from a trash can) Working with animals is something that I think is a great oppurtunity for loving God's creations.
It always feel so good to know that there are more animal lovers out there!
Not to be discouraging, but don't you live in Germany? I live in the US.
On a scale of 1-10, how much do you love animals? On a scale of 1-10, how much would you want to start a no-kill, not-for-profit animal shelter or sanctuary?
I'm sorry for all the questions. :(
Rebekah S and Ana H.
I often think about puppy mills, and the people that get puppies from puppy mills. My main concern with puppy mills is that the puppies have no vaccines, which leaves them vulnerable to Parvo and other dangerous diseases. Parvo, more often than not, kills puppies/young dogs. I don't like the idea of puppy mills at all, they don't seem like a way to give animals the care and love they deserve or need. I can't understand why people think that they would be a good way to sell animals, or that it would be a good way to get a puppy, it just seems cruel to me to leave any animal vulnerable to such diseases; there's actually a puppy mill at our mall. Ana H, I love Labrador Retrievers too, while I wouldn't want to own one myself, they are really beautiful and I love to see them on the AKC Showmanship Trials.
Yes, I know all about parvovirus in puppies. While my mom and I were volunteering at the Puppy Preschool, we couldn't interact with these two puppies in the puppy building because their sibling had suddenly come down with parvo. Thankfully, with lots of treatment, that puppy got better and found a home. The two puppies--as well as the other puppies that were there--have also found loving, forever homes.
USDA licensed puppy mills only have to provide little more than food or water, and the cages only have to be 6 inches larger than the dog. The dogs there are often sick, and when they aren't able to reproduce anymore they are usually killed. And I don't think that the puppies from the puppy mills get any vaccinations at all! Of course, they probably receive something before being sold at pet stores. Did you know that it's legal for a licensed breeder to own 1,000 or more dogs and keep them in super small cages for their entire lives and breed them as often as possible?
Even though people are standing against puppy mills, the US currently has about 10,000 licensed and unlicensed puppy mills.
I have been to a mall that has a store that sells puppies from puppy mills. The store's name is "Furry Babies".
Why wouldn't you want to own a Labrador retriever?